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Why People’s Commitments Change? (Part II)


There is only one important reason why people’s commitments change. Commitments change because people and situations always transform which are often beyond human control. Married couple’s commitment to love one another, for instance, can change because one or both partners alter their perception or love for the other due to physical change. A change in one’s body because of age, illness, or a “loss of a youthful and sexy body” can sometimes alter a partner’s love for the other. So many couples separate because the husband or wife finds the other “unattractive” due to age, disease, neglect, etc. If the married couple lack strong spiritual values, then more likely the physical change lead to a “lost of love” in one or both partners.


Another factor is the change in the social circumstances. Situations do change that can force committed people to change their views of the other. For instance, a young and happy couple living a middle class lifestyle may experience frequent fights that can eventually lead to separation due to economic pressure when their businesses are down or bankrupt. Or a happy couple can end up filing a divorce when one partner discovered that the other has a one-night stand with a beautiful person. People in society live in social networks. They cannot avoid meeting with “exciting people” with other circles of friends.

Lastly, people stayed until death in a marital relationship because they accept and forgive their partners’ faults and betrayals. This implies a strong philosophy and spirituality in life that can strengthen people’s resolve to love their partners “no matter what” because they believe in something supernatural. Commitment in relationship implies daily negotiation between partners and a spiritual resolve to stay together because they love one another in front of a Supreme Being.


Photo credits:, shutterstock


Why People’s Commitments Change?

Wedding vows



Why people’s commitments change? Despite the fact that people promise to love one another or married couples take the wedding vows seriously, permanent commitment to stay together is not always attainable.

Well, let me just explain here two important reasons why commitment in a relationship changes despite the serious promise of couples to stay together no matter what happens in the future.

open system

First, people change. Thus, what people promise today may change through time. There is one theory in anthropology and sociology which states that a person is an open system. This means that a person’s self is always being influenced by culture and society. It is not a finished product. The moment the person is born, the mind begins to receive impressions and images based on experience that gradually form his or her self. This continues until his or her death. Thus, a person’s perception of his or her self as a committed loving person in a particular historical moment such as the wedding or engagement day is still subject to future historical events that can break this commitment, which he or she may not foresee or anticipate. One lawyer married his wife but has not made a formal break-up with his girlfriend. Five years later, they accidentally met each other. Despite his marital promise to love his wife forever, he did not expect that he would commit extra-marital affairs with his former girlfriend.

change ahead

Second, society and social environment surrounding the relationship change, thus people’s loving commitments change. Depending on the value system of the couples, historical events often change people’s commitment. For instance, the couple undergoing extreme stress due to poverty and  financial problems after marriage can lead to divorce or separation. Job loss or retrenchment due to economic recession and underdevelopment may affect people’s commitment. Maintaining a relationship implies resource allocation. It’s difficult to maintain a relationship without the necessary resources and money to meet the needs of the couple and their dependents.


The advent of the Internet and digital technology can be both a blessing and a curse. The cyberspace and mobile technology have done a lot of advantages to create and maintain romantic and marital relationships. But this societal change in technology also facilitate infidelity, relationship break-ups, or separation of married people, since it is very easy to meet new people in the cyberspace and social media with numerous dating sites and chat rooms. Again, people may be very committed with their loving relationships, but with the constant technological change in society that facilitates infidelity, commitments become more difficult to maintain. Unless the couples believe in something supernatural or some form of spirituality as a foundation of their loving relationship that transcends the material world, maintaining a commitment will always be a great challenge to every one living in today’s fast-changing technological age. Cheers!


Photo credit: shutterstock

Is Beauty in the Eye of the Beholder?


The famous quote (most probably by Margaret Wolfe) which says: “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder” is assumed to be true by many. But for sociologists, this quote may be partly true and partly false.


In the commercial world of art, for instance, beauty does depend on the eyes of ordinary people or viewers but in the eyes of the art critics and patrons who determine what is beautiful and what is not, what is priceless or cheap in the art world of museums, auctions and art exhibits.


It’s true that art can be subjective. It depends on the beholder or the person who sees and evaluates a piece of art. And since each person has his/her own culture and notions of beauty which s/he learns from his/her own society, judgments on what is beautiful or not vary across various nations and nationalities.

But commercial art has its own subculture and notion of beauty where art critics and patrons reign supreme! These gatekeepers determine the standards of beauty and the price of art in the world of auction sales.


Is it Natural to Fall in Love?


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Have you experienced falling in love? What was it like? Did it feel natural? Is love forever? Here’s the love story of Kenneth:

“Just call me Kenneth. I’m 27 years old, with a swell job at one of the biggest networks in the country. My girlfriend, Clarissa, is very pretty, smart, understanding, religious and very loving. She has all the qualities you’re looking for in a girl and she’s the kind of girl you’d want to spend the rest of your life with.

My problem is that I haven’t really treated her right. Instead of spending time with her, I went out with my friends and co-workers. I flirted with other women in front of her. She never said a word, and remained devoted to me. We lived together for three months when her mother went to the US for a vacation, and she was like a wife to me. She prepared everything for me, from the time I woke up till I went to bed. She wouldn’t let a day pass without telling me she loved me.

There were so many things I couldn’t put into words and so many words I couldn’t put into actions, she submitted herself to me. It made me love her more but it made me take her more for granted, thinking that she was mine forever.

Until last December, Joe. A day before Christmas , she told me she was pregnant. I was startled and speechless, thinking I was going to be a father. But she told me that I was not the father of her child. I couldn’t believe it. I didn’t even notice the tears pouring down my cheeks. I was hurt. i couldn’t accept that she went to bed with another man.

At that moment, I felt like killing myself. I hated myself for being so selfish and nor appreciating her. I never cherished her.

She called me the other week to tell me that she’s leaving the country to marry the other guy. She told me she was leaving me for good this time and that she loved me very much.

Why is she doing this to me, Joe? I don’t want her to marry him. I want to stop her and marry her even if the child is not mine. I want to take care of her and show her how i truly love her, appreciate her. how can i stop her, Joe? What should I do? I feel like I’m in a quicksand, the more I struggle out of it, the more it eats me up. I’ve been so depressed lately and I couldn’t even concentrate on my job. I feel like I can’t go on anymore.”(


Theories on Love

Is romantic love really a natural thing? Or a socially learned phenomenon, and thus one would not die without it?

One biological theory suggests that falling in love is like “being drunk.” The love hormone can make people fall in love, making them “drunk” with erotic passion and altruism. Scientists who prescribed to this theory identified the hormone associated with falling in love as oxytocin, a hormone produced in one part of the brain called hypothalamus which is said to be playing a significant role in bonding, falling in love, and making friendship. To some social scientists at the School of Psychology at Birmingham University, the love hormone of oxytocin has an intoxicating effect to lovers similar to alcohol. It relaxes people and removes their social inhibition, anxiety, and fear when falling in love with their partners. It increases their pro-social behavior such as generosity, empathy, and trust and makes them feel more relaxed, happy, and confident in their romantic relationship.

The biological approach to romantic love suggests that falling in love is primarily influenced by people’s biological or physiological make-up and not by the social environment is somehow unacceptable to sociologists. To sociologists, falling in love is basically a socially-learned experience and behavior, determined by societal factors and not merely by hormones. The biological and bodily reactions felt by people when they fall in love are triggered and shaped by cultural forces outside the self. In the sociology of emotions, for instance, sociologists believe that people’s emotions are determined by society and culture. Thus, people’s deep feelings and emotions of love are primarily a product of cultural and social conditioning. In the same manner, people’s romantic feelings and expressions are learned and shaped by the local culture and not solely by biology. In many primitive societies, for instance, where arranged marriages and betrothals are common cultural practice, romantic love between the bride and groom is not a prerequisite for marriage. The feeling of falling in love and romance is nonexistent in these societies because there are no romantic things and expectations that can trigger the so-called love hormones and people’s minds are not ideologically conditioned to fall in love. Therefore, the idea that people must fall in love in courtship before marriage is not universal or found in all human societies. In many non-Western societies, couples do not fall in love before marriage. Some couples do not even know each other before the wedding. In these societies, the families and relatives are tasked to find the lifelong partner for their bride or groom and arrange the marriage. In Southern Philippines, a council of Muslim elders decided the marriage between a young and beautiful 20-year old girl and a 60-year old Moro rebel leader who already had 3 wives. The girl neither personally knew nor met him before their wedding. She only knew him through a photo given to her by the council before the ceremony. Thus, there was no falling in love and romantic love between them before marriage. And the marriage seemed to work well and they were blessed with beautiful kids. In Bangladesh, the youngest marriage in the world took place without romance and falling in love. According to 2001 Guinness Book of World Records, the youngest marriage involved an eleven-month-old baby boy and a three-month-old girl. The marriage took place in order to end a twenty-year feud between the children’s families (Delaney, 2012). These two cases illustrate that falling in love is not always required before marriage. It is not a natural or biologically-determined behavior such as drinking or eating which can bring death to the couple without it. People will not die without falling in love and romance. Think of the thousands of celibate Christian, Buddhist, Hindu, and other religious monks and religious who live normal and generous lives despite being unmarried and chaste throughout their life. For sociologists, falling in love and romantic love are social constructions of society that started in the late 18th century in order to preserve the institution of marriage. Because of industrialization, migration, and urbanization, the influence of families and relatives in the arrangement of marriages declined. Thus, society has to create and manage various socialization tools such as romantic music, novels, films, posts, cards, stories, and other romantic things and processes in order to condition people’s minds that to fall in love is natural and a necessity for marriage.

Can One Control to Love and be Loved?

If falling in love and romantic love are socially learned behavior, then people should have some control over them. With sufficient knowledge about what men and women look for in their partners, romantic people, for instance, can change or enhance their looks and appearance. With the advent of modern medicine, cosmetic surgery, and other physical enhancing technology, they can change and improve their looks and appearance to make them attractive to their crushes or partners. They can also manage and improve their personal impressions in social interaction and dating by taking up personality-enhancing courses to make themselves romantically desirable and attractive to others. Through sufficient knowledge on the dynamics of romantic love and falling in love, they can, furthermore, discern which of their suitors are deserving of their true love and which of their romantic relationships is deceptive, obsessive, or authentic and leading towards marital commitment. Finally, they can structure and schedule their social functions to make themselves visible and desirable to people whom they want to establish romantic relationships. It is not true that real love and romance are written in the stars and determined by fate. More often, true love can be found and realized through  scientific knowledge on romantic love and marriage, mature and realistic decision-making process, and proper social positioning and management of the social tools of romantic love.

Love Quotes 

“True love only comes once in a lifetime, so take it as it comes along and enjoy every bit of it while it is still burning strong

This is the true measure of love: When we strongly believe that there is no one else who could give as much love to our partners, nobody from their past, present or future

When you look into the eyes of your love, you see forever, you see warmth and safety, you see two hearts beating together for each other, for the rest of your lives….”(


What is an “Unhealthy” Romantic Love?


Fig. 3.1 “A Couple Having a Fight” by David Castillo Dominici (Image courtesy of

    A true romantic love is said to be a sincere and based on mutual self-giving. People must avoid a one-sided affair where one partner in a romantic relationship is just using the other to satisfy his or her own needs. Sadly, there are people who allow this type of love and allow their partners to manipulate them, most probably because of lack of options. This particularly true for people who desperately look for a romantic partner despite being used by the other. A person who is single with mature age or a young person who is pressured by his or her peer group and relatives to have a boyfriend or girlfriend may cling to an unhealthy or one-sided romantic love. As the following lyrics of the song “I can’t live without you” by the Bad Company illustrate:

The first time you deceived me, it nearly broke my heart
What hurts me most was I’m the last to know
So lately I’ve been thinking, thinking ’bout you
I know deep in my heart you had to go

Last night when I told you, you looked into my eyes
A wicked smile just spread across your face
You know I can’t resist you, no matter what you do
The way you treat me babe, it’s a disgrace [1]

According to the great Winston Churchill, an “[i]mmature love says, I love you because I need you, mature love says, I need you because I love you.” A true and mature romantic relationship does not use the other for selfish reasons. True love allows both partners to grow as persons and does not manipulate or use the other. Here’s an example of a one-sided and unhealthy types of romantic relationship. The lack of option is one important reason why people stay in a one-sided love affair. Obviously, this type of romance is not true love:

     “I don’t really know if I can call it love, but I really care for this guy in my college. I had always been a reserved, socially awkward individual. I never really dated any guy in my school years because I couldn’t even look in the eyes of a man without blushing!… However, I am a changed person today—more confident, smart, straight forward and honest. This guy in my college was the FIRST guy who told me “I am falling for you”. He told me he thought I was beautiful. It took over a month to finally tell him a yes, because I was afraid if he would hurt my feeble heart. The thing about me is that if I love, I love unconditionally….And so we spend a lot of time together and during one of our conversations he told me about his psychological condition—he had split personality, was a socially disconnected individual and couldn’t handle relationships. He told me about how his “falling in love” phase lasted only four hours to a few days… But the more I knew about his flaws, the more I loved him.

      Over time, I empathized so much with him that I ended up mirroring his emotions and his personality… I also realized that the only reason he sticks around with me is because 1) I am regularly at work and is a good student at college. Hence, I can inform him of assignments to be submitted and college holidays. 2) He said he can’t afford a girlfriend at the moment and I am available at a ‘cheaper price’ and mostly free because I don’t demand for anything. 3) I am a girl and he is a guy and he can satisfy his ‘needs’….[2]

      No! This is certainly not the way I wanted a man to love me. But I continued to remain in this one-sided, broken relationship in the craving and greed for the temporary happiness I gained when I was with him. I’ve lost all my self-respect; I have begun to value him more than I value myself. I know this isn’t good, but I just can’t get over him and I just don’t seem to find the true love I have been looking for my entire 19 years.

      Love and intimacy go hand in hand in romantic love. But this must be felt by both partners. Love is the physical, emotional, sexual, intellectual, or social affection one person holds for another, while intimacy is the close relationship of two people where mutual acceptance, nurturance, and trust are shared at some level.


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   But not all romantic relationships can blossom into real love. Because of some psychological issues faced by people in romantic love as well as incompatibilities in terms of personal trait and character between lovers, the initial feeling of love or infatuation can turn into an “unhealthy” romantic relationship. People who experience the following types of love are advised to leave the relationship and move on to search their true and meaningful love.

    The most common types of unhealthy romantic love include obsessive love, unrequited love, and deceptive love.


Source: Saved from (Pinterest)



[2] “I am in Love” by Nandana96 in

The Social Use of Rumors in Business Firms


The prevalence of rumors in a business firm indicates a corporate communication crisis. Rumors are difficult to trace and almost impossible to stop. It takes a concentrated effort to dispel them. If remain unchecked, rumors can undermine company morale and, eventually, productivity.  And the primary weapon in putting an end to unwarranted rumors in the company is effective communications. The company story must be put across in a positive light.  The media appreciates quick, accurate, and thorough responses, which should be provided. Staff members should also be used to spread the truth. Other potential allies can be contacted and persuaded to help. The best way to dispel a rumor is to establish a policy regarding the problem and let everyone involved know about it (Horton, 1983).

 “Rumors are common in any organization. Some rumors are destructive and may cause considerable stress, sidetrack the work of key people, or damage the image of an organization. Associations are as vulnerable to rumors as corporations. The environment is especially vulnerable to rumors because so many meetings are held with results that are not made public” (William, 1985).

Rumors are a form of informal company communication. Studies have shown that informal lines of communication, such as rumors, must be kept open because they are a vital part of any organization. Rumors provide feedback to employees and to management; they also justify feelings about situations and help individuals understand the way they feel about certain things (Schaeffer, 1984).

In his studies of the role of rumors in companies, Larry Hirschhorn concluded that rumors have a strong positive role to play in keeping an organization healthy. When rumors are going around, they provide important clues as to what is happening in the company and act as a safety valve to relieve tensions and worries. If people stop spreading rumors, it implies that the workplace reality is so grim that they build psychological barriers to distance themselves from it.  A lack of rumors is a sign of sharp demoralization of a business organization (Hirchhorn cited in Bensahel, 1982).

Managers should pay attention to rumors. By listening to rumors, it does not always mean that they are true. Rumors deal with the internal affairs of the company. Even if they are false, they often reveal the concerns of insecurity, uncertainty or worry among employees. A good manager can prevent many internal crises if they are addressing the concern reflected in rumors (Adler, 1977).

It has been hypothesized that an organization’s culture may affect the propensity to engage in rumors. “In some organizations, the culture may advocate considerable formal communication while informal communication may, at the same time, be discouraged (Kurland and Pelled, 2000, p. 434). In this case, an anti-rumor or gossip culture may cause individuals to refrain from seeking information from sources other than officially sanctioned ones” (Michelson and Mouly, 2004, p. 195).

An exhaustive review of the literature identified fours motivations for consumers to share rumors in the marketplace. It included anxiety management motivation, information sharing motivation, relationship management motivation and self-enhancement motivation (Sudhir and Unnithan, 2014).

Rumors are always present in a business firm. The role of the manager is not to eliminate them, but to learn from them in order to improve the company’s human resource and information management system in order to achieve corporate goals!


Sources of Photos:

How to Judge Behavior



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      People tend to judge the meaning of action from the outside and sometimes fail to see what’s inside the person’s mind doing the action. Most romantic relationships fail because the jealous partner often sees only the external act of what his/her partner is doing with another person. One girlfriend just broke with her boyfriend when she saw her chatting with a beautiful girl from afar. She interpreted the animated conversation of the two as a form of attraction. Without asking the boyfriend about the girl  and what they were talking about, she immediately stopped texting and communicating with him. Max Weber, a German sociologist, has a very good advice for people who want to judge the meaning of people’s interaction. He called this approach as “verstehen” or “interpretive understanding”. This means that if one wants to fully understand the meaning of the human action, he or she must understand the meaning of the external act and the motive behind the act. He or she must place himself or herself into the shoes of the other  to know the full meaning of the action. Without learning the motive of the act, it would rash judgment to conclude the meaning of the act. The girl could have investigated what was really the motive why his boyfriend has an animated conversation with the other girl.


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Law, Normative Pluralism, and Post-Disaster Recovery: Evaluating the Post-Disaster Relocation and Housing of Typhoon Ketsana Victims in the Philippines

This book looks at how the multiplicity of formal and informal normative systems that actualize the post-disaster recovery goals of the country’s Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010 has resulted in the inadequate housing and relocation of Typhoon Ketsana victims in the Philippines. Using the sociological and normative pluralist perspectives and the case study method, it evaluates the level of conformity of the components of the housing project according to international conventions and legal standards. It highlights the negative unintended consequences caused by the complex normative regimes of various competing stakeholders, rigid real estate regulation, and the unscrupulous involvement of powerful and ‘corrupt’ real estate developers and housing groups as largely contributing to the project’s deviation from the law’s proactive  objectives. This book attempts to promote the socio-legal perspectives which have long been overlooked in disaster research. Finally, it invites policymakers to enact a comprehensive disaster law and create a one-stop disaster management agency to improve the long-term rehabilitation of disaster victims in developing countries such as the Philippines. 

New Book on Why Media Piracy Business Persists in the Philippines and Vietnam

 Cover Springer 978-981-287-920-2

Pre-order my book at

Pre-order here at

  • ISBN 978-981-287-920-2 (Hardcover, US$129)
  • free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Due: December 30, 2015

Unique Selling Points of this Book:

  • Views the persistence of piracy from a wider social context than just the economic, legal, and juridical
  • Provides a sociological and ethnographic investigation on why the retail of pirated discs persists in the Philippines and Vietnam
  • Challenges the normative and prescriptive approach of jurisprudence in understanding copyright piracy
  • Applies the Actor-Network Theory (ANT) to account for the role of technological and material networks in the persistence of copyright piracy in today’s global era​.

About this Book:

This book addresses the persistence of the optical media piracy trade in the Philippines and Vietnam. It goes beyond arguments of defective law enforcement and copyright legal systems by applying sociological perspectives to examine the socio-economic forces behind the advent of piracy in the region. Using documentary and ethnographic data, in addition to resistance and ecological theories in sociology of law and technology as the overall theoretical framework, the book investigates factors that contribute to this phenomenon and factors that impede the full formalization of the optical media trade in the two countries. These factors include the government’s attitude towards the informal sector and strong resistance to tougher IPR protection, unstable and sometimes conflicting policies on technologies, burdensome business registration process and weak enforcement of business regulations, bureaucratic corruption and loopholes in law enforcement system as well as trade ties with China. In addition to that, the book highlights the social background of the actors behind the illegal business of counterfeit CDs and DVDs, thereby explaining the reasons they continue to persist in this type of trade. It invites policymakers, law enforcers, advocates of anti-piracy groups, and the general public to use a more holistic lens in understanding the persistence of copyright piracy in developing countries, shifting the blame from the moral defect of the traders to the current problematic copyright policy and enforcement structure, and the difficulty of crafting effective anti-piracy measures in a constantly evolving and advancing technological environment.

Table of Contents:


1 Introduction
1.1 Background of the Media Piracy Problem
1.2 Media Piracy in the Philippines and Vietnam
1.3 Understanding Media Piracy
1.4 Analyzing Media Piracy in Contemporary Global Society
1.5 The Book’s Sociological Approach
1.6 Objectives of the Book
1.7 Definition of Terms
1.8 Theoretical Framework
1.9 Methodology
1.9.1 The Roadmap of the Book
List of References

2 The U.S. IP Hegemony and the Politics of Piracy and Resistance

2.1 Understanding Power and Hegemony
2.2 U.S Hegemony in Intellectual Property Trade
2.3 Law as a Maker of Hegemony
2.4 Social Resistance and U.S. IP Hegemony
2.5 Asia-Pacific: A Great Promise and Scourge of U.S. IP Hegemony
2.6 China and ASEAN as a Scourge for American IP Hegemony
2.7 China: The Tie that Binds the Philippines and Vietnam to Piracy
2.8 Guandong as Mediating Network for the Philippines and Vietnam
2.9 Summary
List of References

3 Government’s Attitude towards the Informal Sector and Piracy
3.1 The Prevalence of the Informal Sector and Formalization
3.2 Understanding the Nature of the Informal Sector
3.3 Informal Employment in SEA
3.4 The Government Attitude towards the Informal Sector
3.5 The Philippines’ and Vietnam’s Attitudes towards Informality
3.6 Vietnam and the Philippines on Legality and Informality
3.7 Employment in Piracy Trade as Informal and Illegal
3.8 Formality and Illegality in the Optical Piracy Disc Trade
3.9 Piracy as Source of Informal Employment
3.9.1 Summary
List of References

4 Obstacles in Formalizing the Optical Media Trade
4.1 Understanding Formalization of Business
4.2 Legal and Judicial Obstacles of Formalization
4.3 Bureaucratic Obstacles
4.4 Opening an Optical Media Business in the Philippines
4.5 Starting a New Optical Media Business in Vietnam
4.6 Regulation and Formalization of Technologies for Media Piracy
4.7 Harmonizing ICT Technology and Copyright Business Interests
4.8 Summary
List of References

5 Social and Technological Forces Supporting Piracy
5.1 The General Profile of the Piracy Traders
5.2 The Piracy Traders in the Philippines
5.3 The Piracy Traders in Vietnam
5.4 Factors Fueling the Piracy Trade in the Philippines
5.5 Informal Trading and Overcoming Discrimination
5.6 Factors Facilitating the Piracy Trade in Vietnam
5. 7 Technological Networks for Piracy
5.8 Social Networks Supporting the Piracy Trade
5.9 Summary
List of References

6 Corruption and Nonenforcement of the Optical Media Law
6.1 Law Enforcement and Corruption in Sociology
6.2 Understanding the Nonenforcement of the Optical Media Law
6.3 Corruption and Media Piracy in SEA
6.4 The Nonenforcement of the Optical Media Law
6.5 Corruption and Illegal Business Protection System
6.6 Appropriating the Protection Money in Piracy
6.7 Nonenforcement and Corruption Patterns in the Philippines and Vietnam
6.8 Summary
List of References

7 Tracing Media Piracy: The Current and Future Trends
7.1 The Evolving Nature of Media Piracy and Globalization
7.2 Trends in Media Piracy Follow the Trends in Technology
7.3 Future Trends
7.4 Digital Spying and Hacking
7.5 Regulating the Internet and ICT Technologies
7.6 The Role of China
7.7 China’s Future Involvement in Piracy
7.8 Summary
List of References

About the Author:

Dr. Vivencio O. Ballano is a Professor of Sociology and Law at St. Paul University, Quezon City, Philippines. His specialized areas of teaching and research include Sociology of Law and Religion, Optical Media Law, Constitutional Law, Disaster Management Law and Copyright Counterfeiting. He obtained his doctoral degree in Sociology from the Ateneo de Manila University in 2011 and was chosen as a 2012 Post-Doctoral Research Fellow of the Southeast Asian Studies Research Exchange Program (SEASREP). He has read papers in local and international conferences and published articles in journals mostly on the area of copyright piracy. He has also published a textbook for his course on Politics, Government, and the Philippine Constitution. He is a founding Board Member of the Philippine Association for the Sociology of Religion (PASR) and a member of the Philippine Sociological Society (PSS). In 2013, St. Paul University recognised his research work by awarding him the Best Researcher Award for that year.

About the Publisher:

Springer Science+Business Media is a leading global scientific, technical and medical publisher, providing researchers in academia, scientific institutions and corporate R&D departments with quality content via innovative information products and services. Springer is also a trusted local-language publisher in Europe – especially in Germany and the Netherlands – primarily for physicians and professionals working in healthcare and road safety education. Springer published roughly 2,400 English-language journals and more than 9,000 new books in 2014, and the group is home to the world’s largest STM eBook collection, as well as the most comprehensive portfolio of open access journals. In 2014, Springer Science+Business Media generated sales of approximately EUR 959 million. The group employs some 8,500 individuals across the globe.

Follow Dr. Ballano on Twitter @detectivebogart and Instagram@venballano and join his 144K+followers!

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